Essay Types

Ultimate Literature Essay writing guide with practical examples

A literature essay is the body part of a research paper. Creating a perfect literature essay requires the write to know what it entails. The first part is introduction. The introduction of a literature essay should be brief and points to what the discussion of the body paragraphs entail. In a perspective way, the introduction states the aspects of the research results that the writer intends to present in the essay.

The second part of writing a literature essay entails a plan of the paragraph bodies of the essay. The number of paragraphs in the literature essay depends on the extent of the points the writer wants to assert and support in the essay. A standard literature essay is usually made of about six points well explained and fully supported with irrefutable evidence. One point may be elucidated and supported in a minimum of one paragraph and a maximum of two paragraphs depending on the nature of the topic and the instructions provided by the instructor. The writer is obliged to make a free flow of the paragraphs by linking them smoothly.

The other part entails the consideration of the evidence to be used in supporting the discussion. When you make a point, you are obliged to prove it with evidence from the available research about the topic of the literature essay. Just like cases in court are supported with evidence to prove the authenticity of the argument of a lawyer, so is the literature essay points must be supported using concrete evidence. Every point or assertion made must be supported with enough evidence from the source documents.

However, the evidence proved must support the argument made in a direct way. As such, the link between the assertion made and the evidence provided must be clearly identifiable from the essay. The argument must also be clear, concise, and precise. However, it is advisable to make simple assertions and points that will be easy to support. The evidence used from the research sources should also be simple to understand so as to guarantee the student some higher marks.

The other part the student must consider when writing the essay is the use of quotes. The quotes are used directly in the essay as they are in the research sources. When quoting, the parts used must be in quotes and the source document must be well cited to acknowledge that the quote is not the writer’s original work and have been borrowed from a source. If the quote is more than 3 sentences, it must be quoted on a new line and indented within the quotes to show that it is a direct lift of information from a source.

For example a quote of a few lines is done as follows;

“Quoting the quote from a source in a literature essay directly lifted from a credible source intended to prove the point or assertion made by the writer (Acknowledge the source of the quote).”

An example of a quote of more than three lines;

“Quoting the quote from a source in a literature essay directly lifted from a credible source intended to prove the point or assertion made by the writer must be started from a new line and indented like shown in this quote and the quotation marks must be included (Acknowledge the source of the quote).”

The last part is a conclusion that summarizes the discussion presented in the body paragraphs.

The Role of Government in Combating Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes

Introduction

Many sovereign countries have done their best to address economic, political, and social problems that affect citizens on a daily basis, but the issue of child trafficking for sexual purpose remains a challenge that requires the intervention of all parties such as the government, NGO’s, private institutions, and the public. Every year, millions of children whose age is below 18 are trafficked and as Kerry (2015) asserts, “Estimates of child labor indicate that 1.2 million victims of trafficking are children under 18, mainly trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation.” Such children suffer sexual, emotional, and physical abuse at the hands of traffickers, employers, pimps, and others and they are always vulnerable to a range of environmental, workplace, and health hazards. Although much have been done to curb child trafficking, efforts from a single party such as the public participation is not enough without a strategic involvement of the government and other parties such as NGO and private organization in curbing of children trafficking. The essay below examines how the government intervention through public sensitization, funding, the involvement of all parties such NGOs, and implementation of strict law enforcement can aid in curbing child trafficking (This is the thesis statement of this literature essay that must be justified in the body paragraphs. The writer must introduce the topic of literature review exhaustively and in a way that the audience will follow with ease and understand. You must include some quote from a credible source that will help you elucidate your topic with ease. Refering to another credible writer’s work authenticates your literature essay and also gives you the authority to get the attention of your audience).

The first preventive measure to curb child trafficking is the establishment of community-based programs that directed towards curbing child trafficking (ECPAT International and The Body Shop International PLC, 2010). As such, the state should prioritize its efforts in its particular agendas and legislations that provide directives to the relevant community-based programs. The state policies and guidelines that support community-based programs should enable a broad range of multi-stakeholders’ collaboration on prevention of child trafficking (Sani, Rabiu, and Kamal, 2012). The greater collaboration of stakeholders should include ministerial agencies, inter-governmental organizations, NGOs, children organizations, academic organizations, and the private sector. The involvement of such a broad range of stakeholders will be an advantage in accurately analyzing the problem, facilitates greater reach to the implementation of preventive measures in the community-based programs, and offers greater relevance as to why child trafficking is a threat (This is the second paragraph of this literature essay. It elucidates the first strongest point that supports the topic of discussion in this case “The Role of Government in Combating Child Trafficking.” You are obliged to quote from different credible sources from which you obtain your information. By so doing, you authenticate your argument and facts).  

The second preventive measure is the implementation of awareness programs and fully supporting them through sufficient government funding (Zimmerman, Hossain, and Watts, 2011). It is crucial that the government implements public education and awareness of child trafficking. This can only be effectively achieved through suitable multi-media that combine the written, visual, and audio information and that can be sustained for long. This way, the sensitization will be adequate, and the public will become actively engaged in responding to the crime. The majority of the children fall victims of child trafficking because of lack of enough knowledge to understand the indicators of becoming a victim of child trafficking. Similarly, their significant ones have little or no information on how to detect such an act thus making them more vulnerable to such heinous crimes. Through public awareness programs that target the most vulnerable populations and areas will help such populations become more vigilant and be able to report traffickers when they detect their presence before they become victims. As such, the state must establish an effective helpline for child trafficking victims or who are at risk of trafficking that operates for 24 hours in a day. The helpline should be either an emergency number or an internet-based service that is free to use, accessible by children, and that is anonymous (This is the third paragraph of this literature essay. It elucidates the second strongest point that supports the topic of discussion. The writer quotes from several credible sources to authenticate his argument and the presented facts. The quotation may be done by including in-text citations or quoting directing from the source and acknowledging it).   

The third preventive measure is the implementation of educational policy for a curriculum that train teachers and includes information on commercial sex exploitation of children (Bekmagambetov, 2015). Schools play a vital role in preventing the social problems in the society. The teachers raise awareness of particular risks to the children at a tender age thus helping in capacity building and dissemination of essential information about sex trafficking. For this reason, establishing such a curriculum will facilitating capacity building and dissemination of information on sex trafficking at a tender age thus equipping the children with the necessary skills for recognition of an eminent risk of sex trafficking (The Advocates for Human Rights, 2010) (This is the fourth paragraph of the literature essay that elucidates the third strongest point supporting the topic of discussion. You must remember to acknowledge the sources of information in every paragraph of the literature essay).

The fourth preventive measure is the ratification of the optional protocol on children prostitution, children pornography, and sale of children to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Weitzer, 2007). This ratification asserts that a nation has accepted to be bound to the global principles of combating child trafficking. The principles encompass the criminalization of different types of child sexual exploitation and establish the jurisdiction of the nation in these offenses. The principles also encourage the provision of support to the victims and international cooperation between nations. A nation bound by the Trafficking Protocol adopts a comprehensive and standardized definition of child trafficking and establishes criminal responsibility that punishes the trafficker and thus contributes to the creation of a common ground of global counter-trafficking initiatives (This is the fifth paragraph of the literature essay that elucidates the fourth strongest point supporting the topic of discussion).

The fifth preventive measure is the harmonization of national laws on child trafficking with the global Trafficking Protocol. By harmonizing national laws on child trafficking with the standards of international laws, there is established a common framework that protects the rights of the children thus ensuring that they are uniformly and holistically guaranteed internationally. As such, the prosecution of those found trafficking children can be enforced using the evidently recognized definitions and principles. This requires the establishment of a special law enforcement unit whose mandate is to combat crimes perpetrated against children such as sexual exploitation and trafficking (Hardy, Compton, and McPhatter, 2013). However, such units may encounter an array of problems that include discovering victims and witnesses, challenges in assembling material evidence and testimonies, and guaranteeing of appropriate protection required by children victims. To counter these problems, the government should establish units of specially trained law enforcers that are based on child-sensitive approaches to lessen the distressing incidents of judicial trials for child victims (This is the sixth paragraph of the literature essay that elucidates the fifth strongest point supporting the topic of discussion).

Conclusion

In conclusion, the trafficking of children for any purposes is a glaring violation of their human rights that demeans their dignity significantly. Much has been done to curb children trafficking, but the efforts are not enough without the participation of all the relevant parties involved. Such parties include the government, public participation, NGOs, and private institutions in curbing the child trafficking. The government through the collaboration of other parties should play the vital role in implementing measures that aid in curbing child trafficking. Some of the measures that the government should implement in collaboration with other parts are; a state policy that advocates for the establishment of community-based programs that curb child trafficking and implementation of awareness programs and fully supporting them through sufficient funding. Additional measures are the implementation of educational policy for a curriculum that train teachers and includes information on commercial sex exploitation of children and the harmonization of national laws on child trafficking with the global Trafficking Protocol (This is the seventh paragraph and the last part of the literature essay. It entails restating the thesis but in different wordings. Also, incorporates a summary of what have been discussed in the body paragraphs).

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